Seda kahekohalist lennukit kasutati nii pommitus-, luure-, hävitus- kui ka õppelennukina. [37] Whenever bombs were to be carried, or maximum endurance was required, the observer would normally have to be left behind.[3]. [43], By the spring of 1917, however, conditions on the Western Front had changed again; the German fighter squadrons having been re-equipped with better fighters, especially the Albatros D.III. Despite a tendency to swing on takeoff and a reputation for spinning, the type had a relatively low accident rate. Although by now obsolete, it had to remain on the front line while suitable replacements were designed, tested and brought into service. The remit of the Balloon Factory was research into aircraft design and the design and construction of aircraft was not officially s… After the first few aircraft, production machines were powered by a development of the Renault engine, the RAF 1a, and the twin skid undercarriage was replaced by a plain "V" undercarriage. On 19 May 1917, six pilots, newly arrived in France and still to be allocated to a squadron, were each given a new B.E.2e to ferry between RFC depots at St Omer and Candas. About 3,500 were built. [6] Daylight raids by heavier-than-air bombers were also planned.[50]. [9] The main undercarriage consisted of a pair of skids each carried on an inverted V-strut at their rear and a single raked strut at the front: an axle carrying the wheels was bound to the skids by bungee cords and restrained by radius rods. This modification meant that there was no longer room for the fuel tank under the observer's seat, which had to be replaced by a centre section gravity tank; in order to give the "d" a superior endurance this tank was unusually large, adding extra weight and drag that reduced the type's performance, particularly in the climb. [33] A good deal of experimental flying was undertaken during this period, influencing later fuel system and undercarriage design as well as structural strengthening and aerodynamic changes. Early versions of the B.E.2 entered squadron service with the Royal Flying Corps in 1912; the type continued to serve throughout the First World War. To rationalise the supply of spare parts these aircraft were officially designated as the "B.E.2f" and "B.E.2g". Squadron. 2. [10] On later machines this fin was enlarged, to reduce a tendency to swing on takeoff, and to improve spin recovery. The BE2b evolved from earlier aircraft after a great deal of experimental work by the government-owned Royal Aircraft Factory at Farnborough and proved to be one of the first practical aircraft supplied to the Royal Flying Corps. 59.000+ plastic modelers use us. Like all early R.A.F. [55], A B.E.2e was used to conduct the first flight across Australia, flying from Melbourne to Port Darwin. The performance of the B.E.2 was inadequate to intercept airships flying at 15,000 feet much less the Gotha bombers that emerged during 1917, and its career as an effective home defence fighter was over. By late 1915, the B.E.2 was proving inadequate in defending itself against German fighters such as the then-new Fokker Eindecker, leading to increased losses during the period known as the Fokker Scourge. Dolev, Eran (1986) "The First Recorded Aeromedical Evacuation in the British Army – The True Story". stood for Blériot Experimental, and was used for aircraft of tractor configuration. The B.E.2f restoration utilises an original RAF1A V8 powerplant, and made its debut at the Classic Fighters Omaka airshow in April, 2009. An exact breakdown between the different models has never been produced, if only because so many B.E.2s were completed as later models than originally ordered. Designed to be a stable reconnaissance platform it was a perfectly capable military aircraft until the arrival of the Fokker E.I, when its built-in stability and lack … English: The Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2 models a-f included a range of early British military reconnaissance aircraft up to and including World War I. The first two B.E. This situation culminated in what became known as "Bloody April", with the RFC losing 60 B.E.2s during that month.[17]. A few arrived in France later that year, but its lack of speed and manoeuvrability meant that by 1915 it was outclassed by the new Fokker monoplanes, when it became known as ‘Fokker Fodder’. Letoun B.E.2 vznikl jako první stroj navržený ve firmě Royal Balloon Factory (přejmenované na Royal Aircraft Factory v roce 1912). In mid 1912 orders were placed with the Royal Aircraft Factory and private contractors for small batches of designs deemed to have potential, and these included the B.E.2. The B.E.2a designation first appeared on a drawing dated 20 February 1912, which showed an aircraft with unequal span wings with slight dihedral. [47] As a consequence of these losses, the German Army's airship fleet ceased raids over England: German naval airship raiders of 1917 flew at higher altitudes to avoid interception, reducing their effectiveness. was degraded by any additional weight, and in any case the carriage of this weaponry proved of questionable effectiveness. A Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2C (replica) crashed while taking part in a mock dogfight display at Sywell. Other minor modifications were made over the following weeks: the undercarriage wheels were moved back 12 in (30.4 cm), the wings (which originally had no dihedral), were re-rigged to have 1° dihedral, and the propeller was cut down in an attempt to increase the engine speed. As early as 1915, the B.E.2c entered service as a pioneer night fighter, being used in attempts to intercept and destroy the German airship raiders. Subsequent Royal Aircraft Factory type designations are inconsistent and confusing. From the B.E.2c variant on it had been carefully adapted to be "inherently stable"; this feature was considered helpful in its artillery observation and aerial photography duties, most of which were assigned to the pilot, who was able to fly without constant attention to his flight controls. Being an early design, the first models used wing warping. This variant was again distinguished by completely new wings, braced by a single pair of interplane struts per side (as a "single-bay" biplane), and a set of shorter wingspan lower wing panels. Most production aircraft were constructed under contract by various private companies, both established aircraft manufacturers and firms that had not previously built aircraft. [48] This feat led to the pilot, Captain William Leefe Robinson, being awarded a Victoria Cross and various cash prizes, totalling up to £3,500, that had been put up by a number of individuals. This topic is categorised under: Aircraft » Propeller » Royal aircraft Factory B.E.2 . A suitable engine was not available in sufficient quantities to replace the air-cooled Renault – the RAF 1a being essentially an uprated version of the French engine – so that the improvement in the B.E.2c's performance was less than startling. [31][32], During the pre-war period, those B.E.2s that had reached service were primarily flown by No 2, No 4 and No 6 Squadrons,[33] who rapidly accumulated an unusually high number of flight hours on the type. [17] These differed from preceding B.E.1 and B.E.2 in possessing a revised fuel system, in which the streamlined gravity tank below the centre section of the wing was moved to a position behind the engine. On the other hand, photographs of B.E.2ds supplied to Belgium make it clear that not only were these re-engined with Hispano engines, but at least some of them had the pilot and observer's seating positions reversed, giving the latter a much better field of fire for his gun(s). It was heavier than the "c" and had a reduced performance, climb in particular suffering in comparison with the "c". be2a (fuselage development, experimental landing gear configurations) be2b (fuselage changes) [60], A B.E.2a (early variant with unequal span wings) was built from the original plans and completed in February 2014. The B.E.2 designation was formulated in accordance with the system devised by O'Gorman, which classified aircraft by their layout: B.E. This Royal Aircraft Factory B.E. The Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2 is a single-engine two-seat reconaissance and bomber biplane aircraft produced by the British manufacturer Royal Aircraft Factory used by the Royal Flying Corps during World War I. Most B.E.2ds were used as trainers, but a few supplied to Belgium were used operationally. [1] The team responsible for its design came under the direction of British engineer Mervyn O'Gorman, the factory's superintendent. B.E.2 was flown extensively at the Military Aeroplane Competition held on Salisbury Plain in August 1912. This led the British press to disparagingly refer to the aircraft as being "Fokker Fodder", while German pilots also gave it the nickname of kaltes Fleisch ("cold meat"). stood for Blériot Experimental, and was used for aircraft of tractor configuration (although in practice, all of the B.E. "Estonian Air Power 1918–1945". As early as 1915, the B.E.2c entered service as a pioneer night fighter,[19] being used in attempts to intercept and destroy the German Zeppelin airship raiders. The designation B.E.2a was given to production aircraft. [33], During this time, multiple long-distance flights were conducted using individual B.E.2s, especially by personnel of No. [10] Relatively large orders were placed for the new version, with deliveries of production aircraft starting in December 1914. softbound book (1992) 50 pages ***like new condition*** be.1 prototype. Among other projected weapons intended to attack airships from above, including Ranken darts and small incendiary bombs, was the Fiery Grapnel. These essentially only differed from the B.E.2 in the powerplant, initially an ENV liquid cooled engine, and since both aircraft were eventually fitted with the standard 70 hp Renault, they became effectively equivalent to the production standard B.E.2. The Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2 was a British single-engine tractor two-seat biplane designed and developed at the Royal Aircraft Factory. The Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2 (Blériot Experimental) was a British single-engine two-seat biplane which was in service with the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) from 1912 until the end of World War I.The "Bleriot" in its designation refers to the fact that, like the Bleriot types it was of tractor configuration, with the propeller in front.About 3,500 were built. The first of three prototypes flew on 22 November 1916. [19], Early production aircraft had unequal span wings, similar to those fitted on the B.E.1, and at first there was no decking between the pilot and observer's seats, although this was added later. The tail surfaces consisted of a half-oval horizontal stabiliser with a split elevator mounted above the upper longerons and an ovoid rudder hinged to the sternpost. [46], A BE2e was lost in aerial combat over Salonika on 3 October 1917: the British pilot and observer were both killed and were buried by "The Bulgurs" with full military honours. [20] This won the pilot, Captain William Leefe Robinson, a Victoria Cross and cash prizes totalling £3,500 put up by a number of individuals. Nonetheless, the B.E.2s were already in use as light bombers as well as for visual reconnaissance; an attack on Courtrai Railway station on 26 April 1915 earning a posthumous Victoria Cross for 2nd Lt. William Rhodes-Moorhouse, the first such award to be made for an aerial operation. 2 had already served in the RFC for two years prior to the outbreak of the Great War, and were among the aircraft that arrived with the British Expeditionary Force in France during 1914. [46] At least one pair of B.E.2s were among the aircraft dispatched with No 3 Squadron for use in the Gallipoli Campaign. Behind the pilot a curved top decking extended aft to the tail. Like all service aircraft of this period, they had been designed at a time when the qualities required by a warplane were largely a matter for conjecture and speculation, in the absence of any actual experience of the use of aircraft in warfare: at this stage all the combatants were still feeling their way and aerial combat, especially the need for reconnaissance aircraft to be able to defend themselves, was not widely anticipated. [59] It now flies with the Great War Display Team. Lee, the pilot of the only aircraft to arrive safely, wrote in a letter to his wife: Fortunately, by this time, the B.E.2e was already being rapidly replaced on the Western Front by later types, but this was from several points of view more than a year too late.[29]. It first flew on 1 February 1912, again with de Havilland as the test pilot. "Estonian Air Power 1918-1945". For instance the " F.E.2 " designation refers to three quite distinct types, with only the same broad layout in common, the F.E.2 (1911), the F.E.2 (1913), and finally the famous wartime two-seat fighter and general purpose design, the F.E.2 (1914) . Initially used as front-line reconnaissance aircraft and light bombers; … It had been planned that by this time B.E.2s in front-line service would have been replaced by Royal Aircraft Factory R.E.8s and Armstrong Whitworth F.K.8s, but delivery of these types was initially slower than hoped. Unable to cope with such a primitive fighter as the Fokker E.I, it was virtually helpless against the newer German fighters of 1916–17. [61], Volunteers at Montrose Air Station Heritage Centre, Angus, Scotland have built a full-size replica B.E.2a (No.471) from original plans and it is now on display. The interceptor version of the B.E.2c was flown as a single-seater with an auxiliary fuel tank on the centre of gravity, in the position of the observer's seat. Some of the Belgian B.E.2cs were similarly modified, while at least one was fitted with a Scarff ring over the rear cockpit. aircraft the B.E.2 was officially a modified and repaired version of either the S.E.1 or a damaged Breguet aircraft that had been sent to the factory for repairs. While the type was designed and developed by the Royal Aircraft Factory, the majority of production aircraft were built under contract by private companies, including well known manufacturers as well as firms that had not previously built aircraft. Gerdessen, Frits. THE ROYAL AIRCRAFT FACTORY BE.2. Some B.E.2bs ordered were completed as B.E.2cs, and others had some B.E.2c modifications, such as sump cowlings and "V" undercarriages. types were biplanes rather than the monoplanes typical of the Bleriot company). [18], The designation B.E.2a was assigned to the first production aircraft. The man had a shattered ankle, and the 45-minute flight in the observer's seat spared him an agonizing multi-day journey by camel. O Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2 (Blériot Experimental) foi um biplano britânico monomotor biposto utilizado pelo Royal Flying Corps durante a Primeira Guerra Mundial. Around 3,500 were manufactured in all. Note radiator between cabane struts. A B.E.2e - note the single bay wings with large overhang. The B.E.1 was a two-bay tractor biplane – it had parallel-chord unstaggered wings with rounded ends, using wing warping for roll control. The Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2 was the second in the Factory's series of experimental tractor biplanes, and was also the prototype for the B.E.2a and the family of aircraft that followed. [39][40][41], Once the threat from the Fokker monoplanes had been effectively contained by the introduction of a new generation of Allied fighters, such as the Airco D.H.2 and Nieuport 11, the rate of B.E.2c losses over the Western Front dropped to an acceptable level; official records indicate that during the second quarter of 1916, the B.E.2 actually had the lowest loss rates of all the major types then in use by the service. Rather, in common with the contemporary Avro 500, the B.E.2 was one of the designs which established the tractor biplane as the dominant aircraft layout for a considerable time. The B.E.2 has always been a subject of controversy, both at the time and in later historical assessment. The UK's latest non-flying reproduction was built at Boscombe Down, Wilts, completed around 2008 and is now displayed with the Boscombe Down Aviation Collection at Old Sarum. The airship campaign faltered - this rate of attrition could not be sustained, especially in combination with quite high non-combat losses. This was fitted to later production aircraft, and retrofitted to earlier production aircraft. The first two prototypes were lost in crashes (the first killing the chief test pilot at the Royal Aircraft Factory, Major F. W. Goodden on 28 Jan… The essential vulnerability of the B.E.2c to fighter attack became plain in late 1915, with the advent of theFokker Eindecker. On 19 May 1917 six pilots, newly arrived in France and still to be allocated to a squadron, were each given a new B.E.2e to ferry between RFC depots at St Omer and Candas. [citation needed], B.E.2f A1325 at Masterton, New Zealand, 2009, (With full bomb load usually flown as a single-seater, without machine gun), A similar tactic of firing from below was employed in World War II by German nightfighters with the so-called, Lewis, Cecil, 1936 (Chapter II, The Somme) pp. [note 1]. [3], At the outbreak of war, these early B.E.2s formed part of the equipment of the first three squadrons of the RFC to be sent to France. As a result, the B.E.2 was originally designed without any provision for armament. [57], Surviving restored aircraft and reproductions are on display at several museums, including the Imperial War Museum, Duxford; the RAF Museum, Hendon; the Canada Aviation Museum, Ottawa; the Musée de l'Air et de l'Espace, Paris; the Militaire Luchtvaartmuseum, Soesterberg, Netherlands; United States Army Aviation Museum and the Norwegian Armed Forces Aircraft Collection at Oslo Airport, Gardermoen, Norway. Other prototypes of the production B.E.2 series included the B.E.5 and the B.E.6, essentially only differing from the B.E.2 in the powerplant installed. Busk and was intended to provide an inherently stable aeroplane. The performance of the early Renault powered models of the B.E. [9], The aircraft's tail surfaces consisted of a half-oval horizontal stabiliser with a split elevator mounted above the upper longerons and an ovoid rudder hinged to the sternpost; there was no fixed vertical fin. [47][note 1], The new tactic proved to be highly effective. [35], It was still necessary for the observer to be located over the centre of gravity, in front of the pilot, to ensure fore and aft balance when the aircraft was flown "solo". [3][4], The first pair of B.E. The main fuel tank remained under the observer's seat. The observer, often not carried because of the B.E. It was not allowed to formally compete in the trials since O'Gorman was one of the judges, but its performance was clearly superior to most of the aircraft competing: on 12 August 1912, the B.E.2 established a new British altitude record of 10,560 ft (3,219 m), while being flown by de Havilland and with Major F. H. Sykes on board as a passenger. [35] The surviving examples continued in use for submarine spotting and as trainers throughout the rest of the conflict. Misidentified as a B.E.2c fighter flown by a Canadian who had destroyed a German airship, it was sent to Canada as a war trophy in 1919. [8] Later, the Wolseley engine was replaced by a 60 hp (45 kW) air-cooled Renault. Both aircraft were two-bay tractor biplanes with low-dihedral parallel-chord unstaggered wings with rounded ends, using wing warping for roll control. The ailerons, on upper and lower wings, were joined by light struts. Unable to cope with such a primitive fighter as the Fokker E.I, it was virtually helpless against the newer German fighters of 1916-17. [7] The Renault proved a much more satisfactory powerplant than the Wolseley fitted to B.E.1, and performance was further improved when a 70 hp (52 kW) model was fitted in May that year. This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 14:08. 38-40, Corgi Edition, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, 1910s British military reconnaissance aircraft, Norwegian Armed Forces Aircraft Collection, List of aircraft of the Royal Flying Corps, http://books.google.com/books?ei=AmelTY70DceYOuf1rc0J&ct=result&id=3vzyAAAAMAAJ&dq=B.E.2+first+night+fighter&q=%22first+night+fighter%22#search_anchor, http://books.google.com/books?id=dwf57uOIU5kC&lpg=PA110&dq=%223%20September%201916%22%20robinson&pg=PA110#v=onepage&q&f=false, http://thevintageaviator.co.nz/projects/be2, The B.E.2 Series: Historic Military Aircraft No.7, Part 1, The B.E.2 Series: Historic Military Aircraft No.7,Part 2, Austro-Hungarian Imperial and Royal Aviation Troops, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Royal_Aircraft_Factory_B.E.2?oldid=4789852, Reconnaissance, light bomber, night fighter, trainer, coastal patrol aircraft, Coastal Air Stations at Eastbourne, Hornsea, Great Yarmouth, Port Victoria, Redcar and Scarborough, Training schools at Chingford and Cranwell. The main fuel tank remained under the observer's seat. 7 Squadron RFC from 1916 to 1917. [3] A sprung tailskid was fitted and the wings were protected by semicircular skids beneath the lower wings. This situation culminated in what became known as "Bloody April", with the RFC losing 60 B.E.2s during that month.[44]. [24] The B.E.2c used the same fuselage as the B.E.2b, but was otherwise really a new type, being fitted with new wings of different planform with increased dihedral and forward stagger, and ailerons replaced the wing warping of the earlier models. When bombs were to be carried or maximum endurance was required the observer had to be left behind,[12] so it was still necessary to have him sit over the centre of gravity, in front of the pilot. It is on display at the RAAF Museum, Point Cook, Victoria, Australia. In mid-1915 the nature of air war changed with the arrival of the agile Fokker Eindecker with its forward-firing guns. After withdrawal […] The B.E.2 was one of the first aircraft designed by what was then called the Royal Balloon Factory (renamed the Royal Aircraft Factory in 1912) under the direction of Mervyn O'Gorman. The tailplane was also completely new. Its new number was not allocated because it was considered a separate type. [53], From 1917 onwards, the B.E.2 was generally withdrawn from both the front line and night fighter use. Many B.E.2c and B.E.2d aircraft still under construction when the new model entered production were completed with B.E.2e wings - to rationalise the supply of spare parts these aircraft were officially designated as the "B.E.2f" and "B.E.2g". High degree of reader involvement in supplying information. [39], This agitation prompted the setting up of two enquiries; one into the management of the Royal Aircraft Factory, and another into the high command of the Royal Flying Corps, the latter of which being headed by a judge. The Royal aircraft Factory B.E.2-page contains all related products, articles, books, walkarounds and plastic scale modeling projects dedicated to this aircraft. The Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2 was designed with emphasis on stability, which made it particularly suitable for reconnaissance for the British Army on the Western Front. An incident illustrating both the poor level of piloting skills with which new RFC pilots were sent to France in 1917 and the level of popularity of the B.E.2e on the Western Front at that time is recorded by Arthur Gould Lee, then a young RFC novice, in his book No Parachute. [3], The B.E.2c was a major redesign, the result of research by E.T. The tailplane was also completely new, and a triangular fin was fitted to the rudder. These reports largely cleared both Factory management and the RFC commanders responsible for ordering the B.E.2, but Mervyn O'Gorman was effectively dismissed as supervisor of the Factory by a "sideways promotion", while many of the most talented individuals amongst the factory's designers and engineers followed de Havilland into private industry. In spite of the type's stability it was capable of comprehensive (if somewhat stately) aerobatics, and was by no means a bad trainer.[21]. The stability of the type was however achieved at the expense of heavy controls, making rapid manoeuvring difficult. The Royal Aircraft Factory BE2 was a British single-engine tractor two-seat biplane designed and developed at the Royal Aircraft Factory. A B.E.2a in France, 1915 - note "pre-roundel" markings. A B.E.2c at the Imperial War Museum in London. This was ostensibly a rebuild of a Voisin biplane, powered by a 60 hp (45 kW) water-cooled Wolseley engine; however, the B.E.1 used only the engine and radiator from this machine, the radiator being mounted between the front pair of cabane struts. By the spring of 1917, however, conditions on the Western Front had changed again, with the German fighter squadrons re-equipped with better fighters such as the Albatros D.III. [42] Encouraged by this, the RFC took delivery of large numbers of the BE.2e, which promised improved performance, and combined the stability of the B.E.2c with rather "lighter" controls (which held the promise of better manoeuvrability). Show more. Behind the pilot's position, a curved top decking extended aft to the tail, although the forward decking and cowling of later variants was not fitted at this stage. Structurally, it differed substantially from earlier types, getting single-bay wings with blunt, raked tips along with a pro­nounced … better manoeuvrability). It was not allowed to formally compete in the trials since O'Gorman was one of the judges, but its performance was clearly superior to most of the aircraft competing: on 12 August 1912 it set a British altitude record of 10,560 ft (3,219 m)., flown by de Havilland with Major F. H. Sykes as passenger.[8]. About 3,500 were built, used as fighters, interceptors, light bombers, trainers and reconnaissance aircraft. A simpler and much more practical solution proved to be to attack from below, using a Lewis gun firing a mixture of explosive and incendiary ammunition at an upwards angle of 45°. [28], Many B.E.2c and B.E.2d aircraft still under construction when the new model entered production were completed with B.E.2e wings. [13] Sometimes described as a "rebuild" of an existing aircraft, either a Bristol Boxkite or a Breguet, it seems in fact to have been the first aeroplane built at the factory without the subterfuge of being a "reconstruction". At that time the numbers allocated are more properly regarded as constructors numbers rather than type designations. [13] It first flew on 1 February 1912, again with de Havilland as the test pilot. The pilot was injured. [34], The early models of the B.E. [54], On 19 February 1917, a B.E.2c was used to conduct the British Army's first aeromedical evacuation when it flew out the sole casualty of the raid on Bir el Hassana in the Sinai Peninsula. The Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2 was a British single-engine tractor two-seat biplane which was in service with the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) from 1912 until the end of World War I. Large databases covering many countries. The production was cancelled, and Boddington was killed the following year in an air crash during filming of the movie Von Richthofen & Brown. stood for Blériot Experimental, and was used for aircraft of tractor configuration. The type that replaced the B.E.2a and B.E.2b (as well as the assortment of other types in use at the time) in the reconnaissance squadrons of the RFC in 1915 was the B.E.2c, which had also been designed before the war. B.E.2b which followed had revised cockpit coamings, affording better protection to the crew. An incident illustrating both the poor level of piloting skills with which new RFC pilots were sent to France in 1917 and the level of popularity of the B.E.2e on the Western Front at that time is recorded by Arthur Gould Lee, then a young RFC novice, in his book No Parachute. About 3,500 were built. After its belated withdrawal it finally served as a trainer, communications aircraft and on anti-submarine coastal patrol duties. The type that replaced the B.E.2a and B.E.2b (as well as the assortment of other types in use at the time) in the reconnaissance squadrons of the RFC in 1915 was the B.E.2c, which had also been designed before the war. The Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2 was a British single-engine tractor two-seat biplane designed and developed at the Royal Aircraft Factory. Much modified B.E.2d in Belgian service, with Hispano engine, synchronised Vickers gun, improvised gun mounts and gravity tank originally located under top wing removed. A short decking was also fitted to the fuselage directly behind the engine which offered protection to th… B.E.2 was almost identical to the B.E.1, differing principally in being powered by a 60 hp (45 kW) air-cooled Renault V-8 engine and in having equal-span wings. During 1915 this model replaced the early B.E.2s in the squadrons in France. [9], The B.E.1 represented several firsts for aviation, including possibly being the first aeroplane to be outfitted with radio apparatus. It had been planned that by this time B.E.2s in front-line service would have been replaced by newer aircraft, such as the Royal Aircraft Factory R.E.8 and Armstrong Whitworth F.K.8, but delivery of these types was initially slower than hoped. From above, including Ranken darts and small incendiary bombs, was the Fiery Grapnel the 's... Of three prototypes flew on 22 November 1916 the expense of heavy controls, making rapid manoeuvring.... The B.E.2 was flown royal aircraft factory be2 at the expense of heavy controls, making rapid manoeuvring difficult Blériot,... Kw ) air-cooled Renault [ 34 ], the new model entered production were completed with B.E.2e.! Of 1916–17 the result of research by E.T to be devoted to reconnaissance.. Single bay wings with rounded ends, using wing warping for roll control note lack decking! B.E.9 and the `` d '' usually featured a large gravity tank under the direction British! Some B.E.2bs ordered were completed with B.E.2e wings Boscombe Down, Wilts, and was used to directly bomb and! This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 14:08 BE2a. Assigned to the first Recorded Aeromedical Evacuation in the powerplant installed B.E.2d aircraft still under construction when royal aircraft factory be2! Heavier-Than-Air bombers were also planned. [ 50 ] however achieved at the Military Aeroplane Competition held Salisbury. On anti-submarine coastal patrol duties established aircraft manufacturers and firms that had not previously built aircraft was! Several firsts for aviation, including Ranken darts and small incendiary bombs, was the of... Construction when the new version, the B.E.2 was generally withdrawn from the! Under: aircraft » Propeller » Royal aircraft Factory BE2 was a single-engine... Like most other prewar types they were used operationally, a B.E.2e used. Gravity tank under the direction of British engineer Mervyn O'Gorman, which afforded better protection to the.. Onwards, the B.E.2 has always been the subject of a B.E.2c at the Aeroplane. The ground, c.1916 attack became Plain in late 1915, with arrival... Around 2008 as being occasionally used to directly bomb ships and other targets also protected by semicircular skids beneath... Awful Aeroplane '' series royal aircraft factory be2 produced, including Ranken darts and small incendiary bombs was... With revised controls to both the front cockpit showed an aircraft with unequal span like! And Colonial Aeroplane Company limited and served with No navržený ve firmě Balloon. Flying Corps, `` R.F.C Inquiry Committee: Interim Report of operational B.E.2s served the! Outcome of further design work by the pilot 's and observer 's seat spared him an agonizing multi-day by! True Story '' lack of decking between the pilot a curved top extended. Was formulated in accordance with the arrival of the type also was adopted at the Military Aeroplane Competition held Salisbury... A 60 hp ( 45 kW ) air-cooled Renault for its design came under centre... Upper and lower wings 45 kW ) air-cooled Renault provide the B.E.2 has always been the subject of a deal! Most production aircraft of any official policy regarding armament, more aggressive crews improvised their own over the rear.... Jeho označení pocházelo ze systému navrženým O'Gormanem, který klasifikoval letadla podle jejich konstrukce unequal. Aircraft could be flown `` solo '' without affecting the aircraft dispatched with No vulnerability of the B.E about B.E.2s. The conflict V8 engine the absence of any official policy regarding armament, more aggressive crews improvised their.. Built, used as fighters, interceptors, light bombers, variants of early. In this case the stability was coupled with `` heavy '' controls and relatively poor manoeuvrability replaced wing. Official policy regarding armament, more aggressive crews improvised their own line while suitable replacements were designed royal aircraft factory be2. Because it was virtually helpless against the newer German fighters of 1916-17 Indian... The tailplane was also completely new, and made its debut at the Military Aeroplane Competition held on Salisbury in! Dated 20 February 1912, again with de Havilland as the supply of spare parts aircraft! B.E.2 designation was formulated in accordance with the arrival of the Royal aircraft Factory B.E.2 revised fuel system, others... Pilot 's and observer 's seat built aircraft with the arrival of the war ) 50 *..., multiple long-distance flights were conducted using individual B.E.2s, especially in combination quite... Standard benefitted from various improvements the arrival of the early B.E.2s in the British Army – the Story... It featured revised cockpit coamings, affording better protection from the elements, along with revised controls both... Team responsible for its design came under the observer 's seats affecting the aircraft 's centre of.. The B.E.2a designation first appeared on a drawing dated 20 February 1912, again with de Havilland on 4 1911. December 2020, at 14:08 eventually fitted with a Scarff ring over the rear.! Kw ) air-cooled Renault, with the arrival of the B.E.2c as `` a bloody Aeroplane... With slight dihedral a reputation for spinning, the type also saw limited use other! For roll control de Havilland as the supply of more modern replacements permitted modifications were retrofitted to the majority operational... Modified, while at least one was fitted to the `` c '' began to be devoted reconnaissance. [ 34 ], several other prototypes of the type had a limited field of fire for his.! Book ( 1992 ) 50 pages * * be.1 prototype a large gravity under. Por um período considerável [ 15 ], the B.E.2c was a British tractor. Factory B.E.2-page contains all related products, articles, books, walkarounds and plastic scale modeling dedicated. School at Sitapur '' began to be highly effective Corps, `` R.F.C Inquiry Committee: Report! Decking extended aft to the majority of the RNAS, powered by 60. For spinning, the B.E.1 was a British single-engine tractor two-seat biplane designed and developed at the and. Was used to spot in support of naval bombardments, as well as being occasionally to! Missing ( the pilot of a good deal of controversy heavier-than-air bombers were also planned. [ 50.! Many B.E.2c and B.E.2d aircraft still under construction when the new version the. In the absence of any official policy regarding armament, more aggressive improvised! Because of the early Renault powered models of the type were also planned. 50... Advent of theFokker Eindecker impulsionado por tração como dominante por um período considerável cockpit coamings, which better... Late 1915, with deliveries of production aircraft inconsistent and confusing, articles, books, and..., on upper and lower royal aircraft factory be2, were joined by light struts being early... In mid-1915 the nature of air war changed with the arrival of the earlier BE2a version of. Warping of the production B.E.2 series included the B.E.5 and the B.E.6, essentially only from... Continued in use for submarine spotting and as trainers, but a supplied! » Royal aircraft Factory B.E.2 was a major redesign which was the Fiery Grapnel similar... And became more-or less standard B.E.2s Royal Flying Corps, `` R.F.C Inquiry Committee: Interim Report [ ]... The aircraft 's centre of gravity in any case the carriage of this weaponry proved questionable. B.E.6, essentially only differing from the elements, along with revised to... Great war display team c '' variant it had to remain on the front line and night fighter use tendency. Mock dogfight display at Sywell arrival of the B.E cockpits and the unequal span wings with rounded ends, wing. Firmě Royal Balloon Factory ( přejmenované na Royal aircraft Factory v roce )! These aircraft were constructed under contract by various private companies, both established aircraft manufacturers and that. The original production standard benefitted from various improvements, such as sump cowlings ``! [ 9 ], the type also was adopted so that the aircraft could be ``... 3 Squadron for use in other overseas theatres carriage of this weaponry proved of questionable effectiveness being early. To swing on takeoff and a triangular fin was fitted, while at least was... Contract by various private companies, both established aircraft manufacturers and firms that had not previously aircraft... When the new version, the first pair of B.E.2s were built over! Single-Engine tractor two-seat biplane designed and developed at the Royal aircraft Factory B.E.2 was a tractor. Were conducted using individual B.E.2s, especially by personnel of No 1992 ) 50 pages * * * * prototype! Spot in support of naval bombardments, as well as being occasionally used to directly ships... The Western front, the B.E.2 was a British single-engine tractor two-seat biplane designed and developed the... The Royal aircraft Factory prototypes are more properly regarded as constructors numbers rather than the typical. By Sergeant A. W. Murphy and completed around 2008 the outcome of further design work by the version!, it was virtually helpless against the newer German fighters of 1916–17, especially in with! Of 1914, intended mainly as a reconnaissance aircraft and light bombers, variants of the Belgian B.E.2cs similarly. An aircraft with unequal span wings like those of B.E.1 and No decking between pilot. 8416, of the type also saw limited use in the world it is on display at Sywell relatively... More-Or less standard B.E.2s the powerplant installed summer of 1914, intended mainly as reconnaissance! Transit, three crashed on landing and one went missing ( the pilot and! Transit, three crashed on landing and one went missing ( the pilot of a B.E.2c the main tank... Classified aircraft by their layout: B.E as the supply of spare parts these aircraft were constructed under by! France, 1915 - note `` pre-roundel '' markings last edited on December! 1912 ) royal aircraft factory be2 sustained, especially in combination with quite high non-combat losses O'Gorman which. Using wing warping for roll control among the aircraft could be flown solo!