Plant Genetic Resources and Their Utilization in Crop Improvement Authors: Vikas Gupta, Satish Kumar, Chandra Nath Mishra and Raj Pal Meena Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research, Karnal, Haryana The plant genetic resources (PGR) significantly contributed towards achieving the global objectives of food security, poverty alleviation and sustainable development. CONTENTS •Plant genetic resources– • types of seed collections • germplasm activities • exploration etc. Examines information about the genetics of Arabidopsis thaliana, a widely used model plant, including a searchable relational database of genes, proteins, genetic markers, germplasm, microarrays, lab protocols, news, etc. The diversity of genetic resources for food and agriculture (i.e. to develop cultivars that are specifically adapted to marginal or stress environments; Concrete aims are:. Plant Genetic Resources and Genebank Management Training Module (3.8 MB). for the Conservation and Sustainable Utilization of Plant Genetic Resources, a more efficient use of plant genetic diversity is a prerequisite to meeting the challenges of development, food security and poverty alleviation (FAO, 1996b). This definition covers both living and not living material. Hemel Hempstead : Harvester Wheatsheaf . Plant Biology; National Center for Genome Resources. Plant genetic resources have been defined as the genetic material of plants, which is of value as a resource for present and future generations of people. Traditionally, this definition focused on crop plants and their wild relatives, but it is increasingly considered that all plant species are a potential resource for humanity. Plant Genetic Resources and Food Security stakeholder perspectives on the international treaty on plant genetic resources for food and agriculture edited by Christine Frison, Francisco López, and José T. Esquinas-Alcázar ‘This book constitutes a unique analysis … Plant genetic resources includes all our agricultural crops and even some of their wild relatives because they too often have valuable traits. (Source: Nordgen) The scientific study of the hereditary material of plants for purposes such as hybridization, improved food resources and increased production. This training module aims to train genebank curators and genetic resource professionals in good practices for effective ex situ conservation and genetic diversity held in genebanks.It was developed for a face-to-face short course on Genebank Management held at RDA Korea in 2009 and 2010. Use / … Finally, genetic resources can refer to genes themselves, maintained in selected individuals or cloned and maintained in plasmids. The Code of Conduct and IPEN covers only the exchange of living plant material (living plants or parts of plants, diaspores) thus falling in the definition of genetic resources. Pearce, D and Turner, R (1990) Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment. Plant genetic engineering, also known as plant genetic modification or manipulation, is the key that opens up the doors for introducing crops with valuable traits to produce plants that require fewer pesticides, fungicides, or fertilizers, and can be more resistant to stress conditions. • merits and demerits of exploration • collection of germplasm Plant genetic resource: Plant genetic material of actual or potential value. Plant breeding, 3rd year Bsc Agriculture College of Agriculture,chiplima Adm no 31C/14 2. plants/crops, animals, aquatic resources, forests, micro-organisms and invertebrates) plays a crucial role in meeting basic human food and nutritional needs. Genetic resources are the substance of … Pearce , D , Markandya , A and Barbier , E ( 1989 ) Blueprint for a Green Economy . genetic resources and are important in animal and plant breeding and in all phases of biologic research.