Bu… In October, that government was overthrown by an extreme socialist party that later became the Communist Party. ... And what are the similarities between the october revolution and the February revolution? In 1917, two revolutions completely changed the fabric of Russia. This caused social breakdown and reduced faith in the government. The focus here will be to outline similarities and differences between the February and the October Revolutions with emphasis on the nature of the action taken during the most crucial points for each. There were four Russian Revolutions. Gratitude in the workplace: How gratitude can improve your well-being and relationships This cannot be said of October. These riots erupted in Petrograd (now St. Petersburg) on two separate occasions; March 3rd, in what is known as the ‘February revolution’ and November 7th, in what we now called the ‘October revolution’. Any way thank u sooooo much. A rumour that the government was planning to implement a ration policy on bread prompted many to flock to bakeries and greatly exhaust the supplies (Pipes 272-3). The crowds ended up turning on the police, killing many and burning down police stations. Nov. 21, 2020. For convenience I will stick to dates on the Julian Calender. Mass demonstrations in the street against the Tsar, the economic harships and possible German conspiracies involving the Empress led to riots, riots which the soldiers of the Petrograd garrison refused to put down. In October, it was a small force of women who allowed the final stage of the revolution to take effect as they were outnumbered by revolutionaries. It is evident that they were indeed the most reliable because the Cossacks, inukers, and many others abandoned the Winter Palace, which was the final standing structure not yet taken by the Bolsheviks, leaving only the Women’s Battalion and a some young cadets to defend the Palace. This stands in contrast to the open fire taken on the crowds of February, and their equally violent retaliation. 2.both revolutions were against Russian empire. The Bolshevik army took advantage of Russian’s military situation in … The February Revolution was a rebellion started by the peasants. While the Provisional Government had appointed several different forces to protect against the Bolshevik revolutionaries in Petrograd; the inukers, Cossacks, and miscellaneous others, “the most reliable troops the government had on hand were the recently recruited Women’s Battalion” (Halliday 114). The October revolution produced the communist dictatorship the USSR laboured under for another 70 years. Lenin had learnt a great deal from the previous revolutions - the 1905 and the February. The October Revolution, also known as the Bolshevik Revolution or November Revolution, was the second phase of the Russian Revolution of 1917, the first having been instigated by the events around the February Revolution. Russian Revolution study guide by moonlight25 includes 57 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Fitzpatrick, Sheila. Prior to discussion on this topic, it is first necessary to clarify an issue regarding calendar use. New York: American Heritage Publishing Co., Inc., 1967. February was a revolution with a broad base of support. It is in this respect that the two revolutions truly contrast, “nothing could have made a more telling contrast with the [February] Revolution, which had occurred haphazardly, without any planning whatsoever” (Halliday 113). Army troops and special force divisions were deployed in order to disperse the crowd, but after the first day, most decided to mutiny against the government and join the demonstrators, greatly increasing their numbers and force. In stark contrast to the out of proportion mass demonstrations of February is the October Revolution, which was carefully organized and conducted quietly under the cover of night with little notice. One can easily assume that frustration was greatest among women under these conditions, which mixed dangerously with the numbers of them that had accumulated while waiting for bread at various bakeries throughout Petrograd. Then in October, a second Russian Revolution placed the Bolsheviks as the leaders of Russia, resulting in the creation of the world's first communist country. Write three similarities between February and October revolution ? The Russian Revolution. Also at this time, “women workers of several Petrograd textile plants went out on strike; and they were soon followed by thousands of men from the metal factories” (Halliday 12). The factors behind the October Revolution differ greatly from those of February, it is characterized more so by political activity and a plot for governmental domination, rather than mounting discontent among the masses. The catalyst in this precarious situation was the official declaration that bread supplies had run out, leading the women into discontent which set off the revolution of February. Divisions in Sinn Fein were the most important reason for the outbreak of the Irish Civil War in 1922. As a result, the impact of the revolution on Russia was far greater than the impact on France from their revolution. The Mir system was unjust and backward, causing the farmers great grief by requiring them to make installment payments to the government, in additi… The workers immediately formed soviets again as in 1905, and peasants began to take action against the landlords, slowly at first, but soon ramping up. Answer to What are the differences between the February and the October revolutions, for the russian revolution? Malabar: Krieger Publishing Company, 1957. In Russia, the February Revolution (known as such because of Russia’s use of the Julian calendar) begins when riots and strikes over the scarcity of food erupt in Petrograd. This revolution was violent, with over 1000 people being killed in the bloody overthrow of the Tsar. Add your answer and earn points. Im diving into the intricacies of the Russian revolution, and I gathered that the monarchy was abolished in the former, but the soviets were able assert full state control in the latter. Some points are a bit off but all in all it was well written. To put it simply, February was a liberal revolution (if such a concept is possible) whereas October was a socialist revolution. Answer The two differences are as follows: (i) The capitalists believed that individuals owned private property whereas the socialists believed that all property belonged […] Only two units were defending the Palace. It is not true that the theory of "permanent revolution," which Radek bashfully refrains from mentioning, was advanced in 1905 by Rosa Luxemburg and Trotsky. - 90% from the bolshevik leaders were not pure russians, but jews! For Higher History, learn how a weak Provisional Government, economic and social problems and growing Bolshevik support led to the October Revolution. 2.both revolutions were against Russian empire. Mainly through the efforts of Leon Trotsky, an aid to the Bolshevik party, their takeover was a meticulously organized plan to target and take over various points in Petrograd such as railroad stations, banks, telephone service areas, and places of media production. shivanya26 shivanya26 1.both revolutions were held in Russia . The differences between the February revolution and October revolution were 1. By October a new government was founded led by the Bolsheviks. The role of Women might also be evaluated. One to one online tution can be a great way to brush up on your History knowledge. It is also noteworthy to mention a political comparison between the two revolutions. Blog. February was the culmination of various tensions among the masses, while October came about from a concentrated and organized political effort. How far do you agree with this verdict? Put simply, February was a liberal revolution whereas October was a socialist revolution. The February Revolution happened before the October Revolution. These riots erupted in Petrograd (now St. Petersburg) on two separate occasions; March 3rd, in what is known as the ‘February revolution’ and November 7th, in what we now called the ‘October revolution’. So trade unions grew in number. Trade Unions and Other Organisations: After the February revolution, workers were free to form associations and unions. - looking carefuly how the communism (bolshevism) begun, developed and ended up, we realise that it was an experiment, an anti-thesis to the capitalism system. Quick note to start- because Russia still used the Julian calender, the "February" and "October" revolutions actually happened in March 1917 and November 1917 respectively. Books. The Revolutions of February and of October differ in many ways, but one can also note various parallels between them. Actually, the February Revolution of 1917 was the materialization of the dictatorship of the proletariat and peasantry, interwoven in a peculiar way with the dictatorship of the bourgeoisie. The first difference is that the February Revolution was more of a spontaneous riot of the people rather than a revolution, while the October Revolution was an actual overthrow of the government led by Vladimir Lenin. The Russian Revolution. French Revolution and Russian Revolution show enormous differences between them when it comes to their results and the way they operated. Write three similarities between February and October revolution ? the first was a corp of cadets still in school who quickly fled their posts and valiantly laid siege to the wine cellar. However, far from the bloody struggle one might expect when hearing the word "socialism", Lenin seized power without a fight. The mounting tension preceding the February revolution ultimately culminated in the breakout of demonstrations on the streets of Petrograd by those frustrated with food and fuel shortages, as well as those who lost employment as a result of factory closure. Lenin also implemented War Communism and started the Cheka, a secret police who killed at least 12,000 people between 1917 and 1922. They opened the way for the many other frustrated citizens to make a difference in their lives, which was at its worst because of the ongoing war running parallel to the revolutions in Russia. The October Revolution began in April when Vladimir Lenin drew together a Soviet party, the Bolsheviks, in order to overthrow the then currently established Provisional Government. 1 See answer shibanidash3523 is waiting for your help. It was of gr8 help. If this is not the case, you might find this answer unsatisfactory. New York: The Free Press, 1979. It is joked that more men died in Eisenstein's dramatic filmic recreation of the October Revolution than died during the actual event itself. The armed seizure of power was organised and conducted by the Bolsheviks, acting the name of Russias Soviets. The Russian Revolution began in February 1917 with an uprising that brought down the hated Tsar. The provisional government also instituted a number of reforms in it's brief tenure including the abolition of capital punishment, reaffirmed freedom of speech and of the press. The first difference is that the February Revolution was more of a spontaneous riot of the people rather than a revolution, while the October Revolution was an actual overthrow of the government led by Vladimir Lenin. In 1917, Russians march against their monarchy over the scarcity of food with riots and strikes. Despite this, Lenin was able to maintain the party by continuing contact from Finland with remaining clandestine Bolsheviks in Petrograd (Carr 4). Despite general assumptions that women are not as revolutionary as men, “it was women workers whose strike on International Women’s Day [(February 23)] had precipitated the February Revolution” (Fitzpatrick 47). To put it simply, February was a liberal revolution (if such a concept is possible) whereas October was a socialist revolution. Although the February Revolution began on March 8 according to our calendar, it was February 23 on the Russian (Julian) calendar. The October Revolution marked the end of the Provisional Government, which had only been established for the eight months between the February to the October Revolution. This feminist perspective offers insight into the often unrecognized contribution that women make in shaping history. This problem was the result of the unusually harsh winter battering Russia at the time, greatly hindering the function of cargo trains carrying food and fuel. Contrary to Soviet propoganda, there was no broadbase of support for the October Revolution. The February Revolution marked the end of the Romanov autocracy, which had been established for hundreds of years prior to the revolution. Russian Revolution, two revolutions in 1917, the first of which, in February (March, New Style), overthrew the imperial government and the second of which, in October (November), placed the Bolsheviks in power. Mass defections and rioting in the streets rendered the Tsar's position untenable and he was forced to abidcate in favour of his brother, who also wisely refused the job. A drunk man fell from a balcony. What is the difference between the February revolution and the October revolution? the same will happen later in Romania, for example. - the Western countries, including USA, supported in many ways the Bolsheviks in their fights against the whites. Morover, they did all their best to restrain an opposition of the "whites" after the defeat. It is apparent from this that women played the greatest role in the beginning stages of the February Revolution, the groundbreakers so to speak. Great use of Thompson's work (his books serve as great textbooks for Russian History classes). What is visual communication and why it matters; Nov. 20, 2020. Women in October were amongst the last to defend the Provisional Government's headquarters from Lenin's coup, the other soldiers having either defected or deserted. The conflict between the "diarchy" became obvious, and ultimately the regime and the dual power formed between the Petrograd Soviet and the Provisional Government, instigated by the February Revolution, was overthrown by the Bolsheviks in the October Revolution. The October Revolution was where the Provisional Government was removed and replaced by the first soviet government that was lead by Vladimir Lenin. shivanya26 shivanya26 1.both revolutions were held in Russia . 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