National Conference of State Legislatures. Introduction. Oklahoma requires judges to inquire about the offender’s parental status and childcare arrangements (Christian 2009). Finally, in cases of incarceration, terms of confinement, such as the length and location of imprisonment, should be based on what is best for children and families rather than on immediate economic or administrative factors (Christian 2009). Having a close family member serving time in prison is recognised as being an adverse childhood experience (ACE) which significantly increases a child's exposure to possible trauma. 1 CHIP Policy Brieﬁng 8: Breaking Poverty Cycles – The CHIP Importance of Action in Childhood CHIP There is a crisis of childhood poverty Over 10 million children under-ﬁve still die every yeari and at current rates of improvement, about one billion children will be Evidence from cross-national research suggests that family-friendly prison policies serve as a protective factor, buffering the adverse effects of parental incarceration (Murray, Janson, and Farrington 2007). Another argument against a family-focused approach is that the inclusion of family factors in sentencing decisions threatens public safety because the potential harm to the child caused by parental incarceration deters criminal activity (Markel, Collins, and Leib 2007). Why family ties are key to breaking the cycle of intergenerational crime. 1: 133–149. “State of Recidivism: The Revolving Door of America’s Prisons.” Accessed May 25, 2014. https://www.michigan.gov/documents/corrections/Pew_Report_State_of_Recidivism_350337_7.pdf. 12: 1269–78. Since qualifying as a social worker in the 1990's Paul has held senior management positions for the last 15 years within both public and voluntary sector organisations protecting children and supporting families. While you're reading this, there are 160,000 children trying to come to terms with the fact that one of their parents is in prison and they won't be together for celebrations like Christmas for some time. Sentencing decisions that take into account the family system is a step toward fiscally sustainable and effective strategies to reduce incarceration rates, improve child outcomes, and enhance public safety. This song reminds us of the universal influence one generation has on another. 2007. •Discuss and provide at least 2 examples of barriers to employment that ex-offenders face. BREAKING THE CYCLE: A FAMILY- FOCUSED APPROACH TO CRIMINAL SENTENCING IN ILLINOIS Lauren Feig Abstract The collateral damage of parental incarceration to children is a hidden cost of current punitive criminal sentencing policies that overlook the needs of children and impose barriers to maintaining strong parent-child bonds. Illinois lacks formal legislation mandating the recognition of children and families when sentencing offenders. Second, public support is in favor of reform that eliminates unfair punitive sentences and promotes community-based alternatives to incarceration (Families Against Mandatory Minimums 2013). Accessed May 30, 2014. http://www.chicagoreporter.com/uncounted-and-unseen#.U4jdjXaRK6I. Osborne Association. Breaking the cycle of criminal behavior by keeping teens at home, in school and out of trouble . The Benefits and Costs of the Prison Boom edited by Steven Raphael and Michael Stoll, 177-206. “Why Should I Care?” Accessed May 20, 2014. http://famm.org/sentencing-101/the-facts/. printMedia/Initiative%20CIP%20Stats_Fact%20Sheet.pdf. “The Relationship between Witnessing Arrests and Elevated Symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress: Findings from a National Study of Children Involved in the Child Welfare System.” Children and Youth Services Review 32, no. Markel, Dan, Jennifer M. Collins, and Ethan J. Leib. It extends beyond the criminal justice system to include the various systems that families interact with, such as child welfare and education. And a Pew study out Wednesday says it's costing states more than $50 billion a year. 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