George Miller (1956), in his research on the capacity of memory, … This concept of working memory evolved from that of short-term memory, the temporary storage of small amounts of material over brief periods of time. Short-term memory, on the other hand, refers only to the temporary storage of information in memory. 2. limited capacity memory system through which we actively work with information 3. Short-term memory takes information from sensory memory and sometimes connects that memory to something already in long-term memory. The information it holds is also more durable and stable. Short-term memory is often used interchangeably with working memory, but the two should be utilized separately. B. Working memory can be divided into separate subsystems for verbal and visual information. Visual working memory is the cognitive system that holds visual information active to make it resistant to interference from new perceptual input. It refers to the temporary workspace where we manipulate and process information. And working memory as involved with both storage and manipulation of information. Working memory versus long-term memory Long-term memory is characterized by a much larger storage capacity. Short-term memory storage lasts about 20 seconds. No one physical location in the brain seems to be responsible for working memory capacity. A. Working memory functions as a passive storehouse with shelves to store information until it moves to long-term memory. Information about simple stimuli-colors and orientations-is encoded into working memory rapidly: In under 100 ms, working memory ‟fills up," revealing a stark capacity … It is one of the wonderful memory facts that it starts working as early as the developing fetus reaches the age of twenty weeks in the womb! 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